It’s “References available upon request.”
Companies assume that you have references, so telling them you have references, but not telling them who your references are, is a waste of resume space.
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Step 1: List all the people you know who could … and likely would … vouch for your abilities, integrity and work ethic.
Your reference choices may include former coworkers or bosses, mentors, family friends, teachers, coaches, advisors/counselors, classmates, or fellow volunteers. Potential references may also be someone influential who you know within a target industry or company.
Step 2: Narrow your choices to the four most impressive sounding people who you believe will also be the most glowing in their sincere praise of you.
Why four references and not three? Because companies ask for various types of references and you want to be sure to have more than enough to accommodate their preferences. At least two of the people should have a business relationship to you (if possible) and at least one should be someone with whom you have a personal relationship, such as a long-term, influential family friend. None should be family members.
Step 3: Contact potential references individually as far in advance as possible and ASK them if they would be willing to serve as a reference to you. Don’t assume they will be willing.
- When you ask them, explain why they would make a good reference for you. “You were always so supportive of my career goals, that’s why I thought you would make an excellent reference for me.”
- Provide them with information so they can make an informed decision and so they can speak knowledgeably about you should they decide to be one of your references.
- Send or give them your resume and provide them with talking points about why you are specifically well-suited for particular open positions. Make sure they know how to reach you by providing them with your phone number and email address.
- If your references may receive a reference call soon from a hiring company, give them full details about who may be contacting them (name, company name, phone number and email address) and what information you want them to mention about you.
- Provide them with the job description so they can speak as knowledgeably as possible.
- Ask them to let you know if they were contacted by a hiring company and to let you know any information that they learned that could be beneficial to you.
- Afterwards, thank your references. Keep them informed about the outcome of interviews and, when possible, help them grow their business or search for work.
- Update your reference sheet each time your references' information changes.
- Add a line at the end of your reference list that says, “Find immediate recommendations about me on my LinkedIn profile at [LINKEDIN PUBLIC PROFILE]. Invite me to connect. I will accept so you can view my recommendations.”
- Create and include a LinkedIn recommendation sheet. Here's how.
Remove "References available upon request" from your resume and replace it with an impressive referral list ... doing so can help you land a job or get a better one!
In the meantime, if I can be of help to you, let me know. Invite me to connect on LinkedIn. I will accept and you can feel free to ask me questions. I really do want to help you find satisfying work. -- Kathy